GK Assertion Reason on Indian Constitution and governemnt
Directions: Given below are two statements labelled as Assertion (A) and Reason (R) in the context of the two statements, which of the following is correct?
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.
1. Assertion (A) The council of ministers is collectively responsible to the lower House. Reason (R): Most of the ministers are from lower house.
2. Assertion (A): If the budget presented to the Rajya Sabha is not passed within the stipulated period, the budget proposals are not affected.
Reason (R): In financial matters, the Lok Sabha is more powerful than the Rajya Sabha.
3. Assertion (A): The President is a part of the legislature.
Reason (R): A bill passed by the Houses of Parliament cannot become a law without the
4. Assertion (A): In both Britain and India, Parliament is supreme.
Reason (R): Indian Constitution is written but Constitution of Britain is not written.
5. Assertion (A): The Indian Constitution is the bulkiest Constitution in the world, about five times the size of the Constitution of U.S.A Reason
(R): The fathers of the Constitution wanted to include all good elements from about four score Constitutions of the free world at that time and special clauses have been provided for laying down the Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles, rules for elections, a list of national languages and details about the conduct of the government.
6. Assertion (A): Indian Constitution does not recognise dual citizenship.
Reason (R): It follows the U.S. Constitution in this respect.
7. Assertion (A): The Chief Election Commissioner of India is a constitutional authority
Reason (R): The Chief Election Commissioner of India is appointed by the President.
8. Assertion (A): President of India is the supreme executive head of the State.
Reason (R): He holds the supreme command of India’s defence forces.
9. Assertion (A): Lot of difference exists between the office of the Speaker and that of the Vice President.
Reason (R): The Vice President is not a member of either House of Parliament.
10. Assertion (A): The 42nd Amendment has been referred to as the ‘mini constitution.
Reason (R): It was the bulkiest and most comprehensive amendment.
11. Assertion (A): In India political parties which formed the governments represented the majority of seats secured in the elections to the House of the People at the Centre and the Legislative Assemblies in the States but not the majority of votes.
Reason(R): The elections based on the majority vote system decided the result on the basis of relative majority of votes secured.
12. Assertion (A): India adopted UK’s Parliamentary system.
Reason (R): Upper House has Judicial Powers.
13. Assertion (A): The Constitution of India has made the President the Supreme Commander of Armed Forces.
Reason (R): Democracy maintains civilian supremacy over the military forces.
14. Assertion (A): The Indian Constitution came into force with effect from
26th January, 1950.
Reason (R): 26th January is celebrated as the Republic Day.
15. Assertion (A): The President can nominate two members to the Rajya Sabha.
Reason (R): The nomination is given to give representation to the specialists in the fields of art, literature, theatre etc.