Saturday, June 25, 2011

GK on Vitamins and Nutrients objective test

GK on Vitamins and Nutrients objective test
General knowledge Sample Paper Vitamins and Nutrients
Solved Objective test
1. What are vitamins?
(a) Building materials for the body
(b) Energy providers
(c) Essential organic substances
(d) Essential fatty acids

2. Fat soluble vitamins include
(a) B6, B12
(b) B2, B3
(c) D, A
(d) B1, folic acid

3. Which of the following can be found in the epidermis?
(a) Elastin
(b) Melanocytes
(c) Lymph vessels
(d) Sweat glands

4. What can hyper secretion of thyroxin in adults cause?
(a) Graves disease
(b) Myxoedema
(c) Cretinism
(d) Dwarfism

5. What does lipase digest?
(a) Starch
(b) Proteins
(c) Fats
(d) Carbohydrates

6. The aerobic system is used by the body for exercise
(a) Which lasts for longer than. 3 minutes
(b) Of short duration
(c) Of high intensity
(d) Which starts after 10 minutes of exercise

7. Contra indications to aerobic exercise requiring medical approval include
(a) Smokers
(b) After eating a heavy meal
(c) Undiagnosed illness
(d) Exhaustion

8. What type of charge does a-neutron have?
(c) The physiological stress on the
(a) A negative electrical charge body during exercise
(b) A positive electrical charge
(d). A waste product of anaerobic

(c) An interchangeable electrical energy production charge

9. A nutrient believed to help prevent thrombosis is.
(a) omega-3 fat
(b) selenium
(c) monounsaturated fat
(d) vitamin E

10. The major type of fat in olive oil is
(a) saturated fat
(b) polyunsaturated fat
(c) monounsaturated fat
(d) omega 3 fat

11. Nutrition /doctor recommends that the diet should contain the following percentage of energy as fat:
(a) under 40
(b) under 35
(c) under 30
(d) under 25

12. A common nutrient deficiency in alcoholics is:
(a) vitamin A
(b) protein
(c) vitamin B1 (thiamin)
(d) iron

13. How many kilojoules of energy from protein would 50 grams of pine nuts provide?
(a) 11
(b) 176
(c) 187
(d) 1100

14. The diets of adolescents are often low in
(a) fat, vitamin B, and protein
(b) sodium, complex carbohydrates, and protein
(c) iron, sodium, and calcium
(d) calcium, iron, and fibre

15. The effects of bulimia are similar to those of anorexia nervosa, but they may also include
(a) nausea, deceitful behaviour, emaciation, and low se1f-steern
(b) emaciation, abdominal pain, bladder weakness, and depression
(c) dental decay, abdominal pain, kidney problems, and potassium deficiency
(d) weight loss, excess potassium, headaches, and fluid imbalance

16. Which of the following situations is most likely to contribute to famine?
(a) Drought in Western Europe
(b) Overpopulation in Japan
(c) Floods in New Zealand
(d) War in the desert regions of Africa

17. Hypertension is often associated with a
(a) high fibre and low salt intake
(b) high salt and high fat intake
(c) high fat and low sugar intake
(d) high salt and high fibre intake

18. What is an emulsion?
(a) A mixture of two liquids whose droplets do not normally blend’ with each other
(b) A process to remove most of the water from a food
(c) A process that reduces the size of fat globules to small size so they can be suspended in a liquid
(d) A special liquid to reduce micro organisms in foods

19. Which bacterium causes the most food-borne illnesses in the U.S.?
(a) Salmonella
(b) E. coli
(c) Listeria monocytogenes
(d) Campylobacter

20. What substance do potatoes contain which can cause severe reactions in people?
(a) Solanine
(b) Starch
(c) Alkaloid
(d) Mutagen

21. Which of the following food components is primarily derived from fruits, vegetables, and grains?
(a) Fat
(b) Protein
(c) Minerals
(d) Carbohydrates

22. Antioxidants perform all of the following except
(a) prevent protein degradation
(b) preserve colour
(c) minimize rancidity
(d) preserve flavour

23. The international symbol used to indicate food has been irradiated is called the ________________
(a) beta
(b) kosher
(c) gamma
(d) radula

24. What provision states that no additive shall be deemed to be safe if it is found to induce cancer when ingested?
(a) Food Additives Law
(b) Delaney Clause
(c) Federal Food and Drug Act
(d) Nutritional Labeling and Education Act

25. The term fruiting body, in microbiology refers to
(a) buds on trees
(b) bacteria division
(c) binary fission ‘
(d) stem producing spores

1 c
2 c
3 b
4 a
5 c
6 c
7 a
8 d
9 a
10 c
11 c
12 c
13 d
14 d
15 d
16 a
17 b
18 a
19 d
20 a
21 d
22 a
23 d
24 b
25 b

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